top of page
2024
ESS OPEN ARCHIVE

Detecting, attributing, and projecting global marine ecosystem and fisheries change: FishMIP 2.0

JL Blanchard, C Novaglio, O Maury, CS Harrison, CM Petrik, LD Fierro Arcos, K Ortega-Cisneros, A Bryndum-Buchholz, T Eddy, R Heneghan, KE Roberts, J Schewe, D Bianchi, J Guiet, D van Denderen, J Palacios-Abrantes, X Liu, A Charles, Y Rousseau, M Büchner, E Adekoya, W Cheung, V Christensen, M Coll, L Capitani, S Datta, B Fulton, A Fuster, V Garza, M Lengaigne, K Murphy, J Ouled-Cheikh, SP Prasad, R Oliveros-Ramos, JCh Reum, N Rynne, K Scherrer, YJ Shin, JG Steenbeek, P Woodworth-Jefcoats, YL Wu, DP Tittensor

Abstract

There is an urgent need for models that can robustly detect past and project future ecosystem changes and risks to the services that they provide to people. The Fisheries and Marine Ecosystem Model Intercomparison Project (FishMIP) was established to develop model ensembles for projecting long-term impacts of climate change on fisheries and marine ecosystems while informing policy at spatio-temporal scales relevant to the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP) framework. While contributing FishMIP models have improved over time, large uncertainties in projections remain, particularly in coastal and shelf seas where most of the world’s fisheries occur. Furthermore, previous FishMIP climate impact projections have mostly ignored fishing activity due to a lack of standardized historical and scenario-based human activity forcing and uneven capabilities to dynamically model fisheries across the FishMIP community. This, in addition to underrepresentation of coastal processes, has limited the ability to evaluate the FishMIP ensemble’s ability to adequately capture past states - a crucial step for building confidence in future projections. To address these issues, we have developed two parallel simulation experiments (FishMIP 2.0) on: 1) model evaluation and detection of past changes and 2) future scenarios and projections. Key advances include historical climate forcing, that captures oceanographic features not previously resolved, and standardized fishing forcing to systematically test fishing effects across models. FishMIP 2.0 is a key step towards a detection and attribution framework for marine ecosystem change at regional and global scales, and towards enhanced policy relevance through increased confidence in future ensemble projections.

bottom of page